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News Scan for Sep 20, 2021

Salmonella outbreak sickens 127 in 25 states; cake mix E coli probe ends A rapidly growing Salmonella Oranienburg outbreak linked to an unknown food source has sickened 127 people, some of them part of restaurant clusters, from 25 states, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said in a Sep 17 announcement. The […]

Key nursing home staff lag in COVID-19 vaccination, study shows

A study yesterday in JAMA Internal Medicine finds that substantially higher proportions of US nursing home residents are vaccinated against COVID-19 than health workers, with certified nursing assistants (CNAs), who perform the vast majority of direct resident care, lagging considerably. A team led by a researcher from the University of Rochester in New York analyzed […]

Highly resistant bacteria from pet store puppies continue to cause illness

A new study led by researchers with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) indicates that strains of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) bacteria linked to pet store puppies have been circulating for a decade and continue to cause illness. The study, published this week in JAMA Network Open, identified 168 patients who had XDR Campylobacter […]

CDC: Moderna COVID vaccine most protective against hospital cases

All three COVID-19 vaccines currently in use in the United States offer significant protection against hospitalization for COVID-19, but Moderna is the most effective among US adults who are not immunocompromised, according to new data published today in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released the data as […]

COVID-19 Scan for Sep 15, 2021

Face coverings offer modest source control for COVID-19, study finds Cloth or surgical facial masks reduced SARS-CoV-2 RNA 77% in exhaled coarse aerosol particles and 48% in exhaled fine aerosol particles, offering “modest” source control, according to a Clinical Infectious Diseases study yesterday. The study also found that the Alpha (B117) COVID-19 variant contained 43-fold […]

COVID-19 Scan for Sep 14, 2021

Severe COVID linked to more self-attacking antibodies, study says Hospitalized COVID-19 patients were more likely to have autoantibodies, or self-attacking antibodies, than those without COVID-19, according to a study today in Nature Communications. The researchers looked at March and April 2020 blood samples from 147 COVID-19 patients at Stanford-affiliated hospitals, as well as 48 patients […]

Breakthrough COVID-19 affected 19% of residents at a nursing home

A COVID-19 outbreak in a French nursing home—where 95% of residents but only a third of healthcare workers were fully vaccinated— infected nearly a quarter of residents and 12% of staff, finds a study today in JAMA Network Open. Nursing home residents may be particularly vulnerable to COVID-19 infections and complications owing to impaired immune […]

Study: Many early nursing home COVID cases, deaths likely unreported

More than 68,000 COVID-19 cases and 16,000 related deaths in US nursing homes may have gone uncounted because they occurred before federal guidelines required facilities to report case and death data in late May 2020, suggests a study yesterday in JAMA Network Open. Led by a Harvard University researcher, the study compared the number of […]

Wide variation in antibiotic use found in US NICUs

A review of US neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) shows wide variability in antibiotic use in newborns, researchers reported yesterday in Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. The cross-sectional analysis of 51 US NICUs participating in the Pediatric Health Information System found that, on the day of the study (Oct 25, 2017), among 2,813 hospitalized newborns, […]

Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Sep 09, 2021

VA study finds faster receipt of antibiotics in sepsis patients A study of US veterans hospitalized with community-acquired sepsis shows an overall decline in time-to-antibiotics, with significant variation across hospitals, researchers reported this week in JAMA Network Open. The observational cohort study examined the time from presentation to antibiotic administration in sepsis patients admitted to […]