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News Scan for May 28, 2021

News Scan for May 28, 2021

GARDP urges nations to strengthen response to drug resistance

The Global Antibiotic Research and Development Partnership (GARDP), on behalf of the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative, issued a statement this week that called on World Health Organization (WHO) member states to strengthen their responses to antimicrobial resistance (AMR).

The statement, presented at the 74th annual World Health Assembly, said the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the need for investment and international cooperation to prepare for and address the ongoing impacts of AMR.

“Like COVID-19, drug-resistant bacteria can infect anyone, of any age, in any country,” GARDP said in the statement. “Unlike COVID-19, we can prepare now. The drug-resistant microbes are known, and meaningful change can be achieved with sufficient political will and resources.”

Citing a recent WHO review that concluded the antibiotic pipeline is insufficient to address AMR, GARDP called the current global response to rising drug resistance “off course” and urged immediate action. The group called on member states to invest in the development of medical countermeasures for priority infections; develop and fund mechanisms to accelerate equitable and affordable access to diagnostics, treatments, and vaccines; and expand global cooperation across geographies and sectors within a One Health framework.

GARDP also said member states should ensure that low- and middle-income countries are equal partners in a comprehensive global response.
May 26 GARDP statement

Pennsylvania confirms CWD on hunting preserve near New York border

A white-tailed deer on a Warren County, Pennsylvania, hunting preserve—located in the northwestern part of the state just 5 miles from New York state—has tested positive for chronic wasting disease (CWD), a fatal prion disease that affects cervids like deer, elk, and moose.

“Pennsylvania has taken CWD very seriously, taking aggressive steps to contain the disease, using a scientific, fact-based approach,” said Pennsylvania State Veterinarian Kevin Brightbill, DVM, in a PA Media press statement. “We will continue to investigate and implement rigorous controls on any business whose deer may have been exposed, and we are working with New York state regulatory partners to mitigate the threat.”

According to the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture, remaining deer at the hunting preserve were euthanized and CWD was not detected in any of the samples. The preserve is under quarantine for 5 years.

The state also said the detection will prompt a new CWD Disease Management Area (DMA) established in Warren County, which means it will be illegal to rehabilitate injured deer, possess or use cervid urine–based attractants, and feed free-ranging deer in that zone.
May 27 PA Media
press release

Variant H1N2 flu case reported in Ohio child

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) today reported a variant H1N2 (H1N2v) infection in an Ohio child, marking the nation’s first such case of the year.

In its weekly FluView report, the CDC said the child, whose age was not reported, was not hospitalized and has recovered from his or her illness. The investigation found that the patient lives on a farm where pigs are present. No human-to-human transmission was found.

Sporadic H1N2v cases have been reported in North America, including Canada, and in other countries such as Brazil.

The US reported its last H1N2v cases in 2018, when 13 infections were reported in the summer across three different states. Nearly all involved swine exposure at fairs at which closely related swine H1N2 viruses were found. One patient had no links to fairs or pig exposure, hinting at possible human-to-human transmission. The new illness lifts the US H1N2v total to 26.
May 28 CDC FluView report
CDC background

Six African countries report more vaccine-derived polio cases

Six African nations reported more polio cases this week, all involving vaccine-derived types, according to the latest weekly update from the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI).

Burkina Faso reported a circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) case from Dori in the country’s northeast, its first case of 2021. The Republic of Congo also reported one cVDPV2 case, its second of the year, involving a patient in Niari department in the west.

Meanwhile, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) reported five more cases in three provinces—South Ubangi, North Ubangi, and Mongala—putting its total at seven for the year. Guinea reported one more case, with no details. Mali reported another cVDPV2 case, which involves a patient from Kayes in the west and is included in its total for 2020, which is now 48.

In another development, Madagascar reported 3 circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) cases, 2 in Boeni and 1 in South East, lifting its 2021 total to 4.
May 27 GPEI update

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